How to Improve Your Singing Voice With iPhone Apps

If you are a singer and you want to improve your singing voice, you can download applications to your iPhone to help you practice and improve your vocal technique. The iPhone has a built-in speaker and microphone, and a 3.5-inch backlit LED touch-sensitive display for watching videos, enabling apps to analyze your voice while you sing, as well as present instructional information when you are between sessions with a live vocal coach.

Do Re3 Mi Voice Training

  1. Download David Charlton’s “Do Re Mi Voice Training” application from Apple’s App Store to your iPhone. Tap the “Do Re Mi Voice Training” icon on the iPhone’s home screen to launch the app. A piano keyboard appears.
  2. Sing different notes into the iPhone’s built-in microphone. The app picks up your voice and analyzes the sound, showing you the pitch you are hitting on the keyboard. If your pitch is slightly off, you can adjust it and see the changes in your singing reflected in the on keyboard.
  3. Start singing a specific note and hold it for as long as you can when you want to work on keeping your voice steady. The Do Re Mi Voice Training app shows you when your voice deviates from the note, so you can use the visual feedback to help you stay on note.

Passagio

  1. Download WIV LLC’s Passagio app to your iPhone. Tap the “Passagio” icon on the iPhone’s home screen to launch the app.
  2. Sing into the iPhone’s microphone and watch your notes appear on the device’s display. This helps you see when you are hitting your notes properly. WIV LLC recommends that you use an optional external microphone if you are a bass singer, which the company says will give you better results for recording low notes compared to using the iPhone’s built-in microphone.
  3. Tap the “Record” button at the bottom of the screen to start recording your voice and saving the data about the notes you are hitting. Tap the “Play” button when you want to listen to a recording and analyze your vocal pitch control while you are not singing.

Vocal Training Improve Your Voice Tips and Tricks

  1. Download Easysource Hong Kong’s Vocal Training Improve Your Voice Tips and Tricks app to your iPhone. Tap the “Vocal Training” app icon on your iPhone’s home screen to launch it. A list of 18 video lessons for improving your singing voice appears.
  2. Tap the name of a video to start watching it, such as “Beginning Singing Tips,” “Posture and Breathing Tips” or “Hit High Notes.”
  3. Follow the instructions and practice the singing techniques as they are presented in the videos.

Voice Ball

  1. Download Advance-Media’s Voice Ball app to your iPhone.
  2. Tap the “Voice Ball” icon on the device’s home screen to launch the app, which has a game that helps you practice singing. Voice Ball is a voice training exercise that lets you practice singing at different volumes on command. A pink ball appears on the screen and starts moving to the right, while hurdles of varying heights appear.

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  3. Sing louder to make the pink ball rise so it can keep moving forward when a hurdle appears. Sing softer when shorter hurdles appear.

How to Call in a News Story to a TV News Station

Presenting a story idea to a local news station is not as easy as just walking in and talking to a reporter. You must call and speak with the appropriate people, in a professional and respectable manner, before you will get a chance to see your story on the evening news. If you take the time to present all of your facts and ideas to the proper news people, you will have a good chance of having your story heard.

Instructions

  1. Research the kind of news that your local news stations run before calling to pitch them story ideas. If you notice that some of the networks stick to very conservative news stories, and seem to only run information that speaks well of public officials, law enforcement officers, and public policy, they would not be the place to call with a story about corruption at city hall. However, if you notice a network runs a lot of very controversial stories about politics, human rights, and things of that nature, then they would probably be interested in at least hearing your story pitch.
  2. Act professionally when talking to news people. You may be very upset and even angry about something that is going on, and you may think it needs to be told to the world, but if you start off by screaming and yelling at the news people you are trying to pitch your story to, they will not want to deal with you. And if the first or even third news department you call cannot take on your story, remain reasonable and courteous with them. There can be many reasons they feel it is not a news story they can handle, and screaming at them or treating them rudely won’t make them change their minds.
  3. Call to set up an appointment to speak to someone from the newsroom. Do not go into the news station without an appointment to talk to a specific person at a specific time. Most news stations are secure buildings where visitors must have appointments to speak with employees.

    The phone numbers for TV stations are listed in the local phone book, usually under the call letters (such as KHQ or KXLY) of the station. If you call their direct line they will either have an automated system that can lead you directly to the newsroom phone, or a receptionist who will transfer your call appropriately.

  4. Speak with a producer or assignment editor. Do not ask to speak with an anchor or reporter first thing, as often they are the last people a story idea will be passed onto. In many newsrooms it is a news producer, executive producer, assignment editor, or newsroom coordinator who initially handles information regarding stories. They will speak with you, get your information, decide if it is a story that the news department can handle, and then make sure it is taken care of by the proper reporter or anchor.
  5. Stick to the facts of your story. Do not try to pitch a story idea using information you have gotten secondhand, or are not sure of, or only think might be true. It is important for the integrity of the news station to report things that are known to be true, and so they won’t want to do a story based on assumptions and rumors.
  6. Keep your story pitch factual and concise. News people do not have a lot of time to listen to a long list of details on the phone. If your story interests them after your initial pitch, when you meet with them in person, you can give them more details.

How to Write Bad News in Press Release

There’s really no good way to deliver bad news. When the bad news is something the general public needs to know about, such as the death of a celebrity or a national crisis, a press release is often required. Delivering bad news through a press release is often difficult, but with a little planning and effective use of tact, you can write a press release that will frame the bad news in the best possible light.

Instructions

  1. Follow standard press release format. This means placing the headline in title case. The headline should state the bad news succinctly and without being ambiguous. If someone has died, the headline may read: “Joe Schmoe, Known for His Role in the TV Series “That’s Life,” Is Found Dead in His Hotel Room at the Age of 100.” The news is bad, but it still needs to be delivered in a straightforward manner.
  2. Follow the headline with a summary, which should begin with the city and date of the press release, followed by three of four sentences, with the lead sentence containing the most important information. The lead sentence should restate the headline. The following sentences should summarize the known events leading up to the news you’re delivering. The first paragraph is the focal point for delivering the news as you know it. Don’t try to sugarcoat anything.
  3. Write one or two paragraphs after the lead that focus on something more positive. If the press release is about the death of a famous person, you’ve used the opening paragraph to deliver the news. Focus on the famous person’s life achievements in the next paragraph or two.
  4. Close the press release with any additional information that will help the public respond to the press release. In the case of the death of someone famous, this may be arrangements for the funeral or when any public statements will be made by friends or relatives.

How to Troubleshoot a GM Rear Entertainment System

Troubleshooting the rear of a GM entertainment system most likely will involve a blown speaker, loose connection or faulty head unit. The costs associated with each issue vary. Always disconnect the power wire from the battery when working with the vehicle’s electrical system.

Troubleshoot the Rear Speakers

  1. Turn on the stereo and put your ear to each speaker to hear which ones are working. Once the affected speakers have been identified, turn off the stereo.
  2. Remove the head unit for the GM vehicle. The exact process will vary from model to model but likely will involve the dash being carefully pulled back using a flathead screwdriver.
  3. Make sure all the wires are securely attached to the back of the head unit.
  4. Obtain the wiring diagram for the model being worked on. This can be done by contacting the GM dealership.
  5. Determine which wires lead to the rear speakers. Strip those wires and apply a circuit tester to them. Turn on the stereo, and if the circuit tester registers, the issue is not with the head unit. If the circuit tester does not register a signal, than it is an issue with the head unit.
  6. Replace the fuses if it is an issue with the head unit. If this still does not solve the problem, than the whole head unit may need to be replaced.
  7. Remove the speakers, if the circuit tester registered a signal. Check to make sure the connection with the speakers and the wire is intact.
  8. Remove the speaker and apply the circuit tester to the speaker wires. Turn on the stereo. If the circuit tester does not register the signal, than there is a short in the line somewhere. Replace the speaker wire in that case. If it does, register than the speakers themselves will need to be replaced.

Troubleshoot the Rear Entertainment System (DVD/TV)

  1. Check the wiring on the back of the DVD and TV system. Sometimes children may pull on the wires connecting to the DVD and TV if they are exposed. Reconnect any loose wires.
  2. Open the fuse box for the vehicle. This is normally located under the steering column on the vehicle. Replace the fuse for the rear entertainment system. There will be a label that indicates which fuse goes to the rear entertainment system.
  3. Try another DVD. The entertainment system may not be the problem at all. A scratched or worn DVD may not play in any DVD player. Try a newer and undamaged DVD to see if it plays.
  4. Put the car in park and then turn it off. Disconnect the negative power cable from the battery. Leave it disconnected for 30 seconds then reconnect it. This will reset the car’s electronic systems, including the rear entertainment system. Most errors should be corrected with this action.
  5. Take the car to an authorized GM mechanic, as one of the components may be broken.

How to Run a Successful Entertainment Business

Successful entertainment businesses offer a variety of services, including music groups that perform at proms and other big events, clowns that entertain children, and disc jockey services for parties of all sizes. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), entertainers come from a variety of disciplines such as folk dance, modern dance, jazz performance, musicians who play in orchestras and artists who have a sizable following.

Instructions

  1. Focus on a specific niche. Build a loyal following in a certain area so that you become known as the company who is an expert in that niche. For example, if you have a fondness for parties for kids, center your business on parties for young people. Put the words “we specialize in clowns for kids’ parties” on all of your marketing materials, including company answering machine messages, and mention your specialty on any occasion when you tell people about your entertainment business.
  2. Invest in equipment for your entertainment business. If you are going to hire music groups, singers, dancers and performers to entertain crowds of people, purchase quality equipment that they can use to perform. Keep in mind that even if the venue in which they are appearing already has microphones, DJ equipment or other fancy items that they can use, it is always smart to have a backup plan, just in case their equipment fails. Purchase items in the name of your business from wholesale sources that cater to entertainment businesses, in order to ensure you get the best rates.
  3. Advertise your services. Consider placing paid ads on the Internet that target people who are searching for keywords related to your business. Hire a computer professional who can show you proven results of prior ad campaigns he has managed, can provide references that you can call to verify results, and is someone with whom you feel comfortable communicating. Set up a website for your company that lists all of the services you offer, provides special online discounts, and gives a short biography of the top acts in your entertainment business.
  4. Employ additional workers. Hire more performers so that you can send them to perform at additional locations that you book, and thus earn extra income for your entertainment business. Reward your top employees with bonuses such as extra cash, more chances to perform, and the ability to choose where they would like to perform.

Dancing Teacher Learn to Dance – Obtaining Skills as well as Experience.

Dancing teacher instruction starts when you’re a dancing student. As soon as you sign up for a dancing school or even studio you’re in actuality training for being a dance instructor. What a person learn inside your dancing training will function as your own foundation later whenever you become the teacher.

The theory a part of dancing is essential because a person learn ideas and methods through this. You may learn the right way of carrying out a salsa step for example. Bear in your thoughts that in the event you teach the wrong steps, it’ll be hard to accomplish adjustments afterwards.

Study nicely and focus on your courses. The lessons that you simply learn in early stages would be the same lessons that you simply impart like a teacher.

Observe the instructor gives coaching and Learn to Dance. You can observe up close the techniques use through the teacher within instructing the actual class.

Among the best ways to obtain trained in being a dance instructor is within becoming the teaching helper. You may ask the actual dance studio where you stand studying if you’re able to volunteer or are a instructor assistant. The suggestions and lessons you’ll gain out of this experience tend to be truly useful in planning you for that real training task.

Should you choose well in your teaching helper job you can find offered the part-time training job. This may pave the journey for a normal teaching function later. Another approach to gaining dancing teacher training will be part of the summer camping or a good after college program. You are able to volunteer part-time within community courses also.

The greater experience you’ve in your own belt, the greater it will appear in your own resume. Additionally, you obtain the feel associated with real course atmosphere with no added stress. These activities will certainly be great training ground for you personally.

It can also be good to see how in order to choreograph dancing routines. Joining within dance exhibits or competitions will help you experience this particular.

You might learn actions with or even without tunes. Learning actions without music allows you to learn how you can dance in order to counted rhythms rather than music. Dancing without having music is definitely an effective method to teach basic rhythm abilities. Dancing without having songs also allows you to slow lower the rhythm when you are learning a brand new routine. Your instructor will depend aloud as you practice to keep an eye on the rhythm for you personally. Pay focus on the keeping track of, so a person learn that grooves match using the rhythm. Usually, a instructor will depend aloud, “Five, 6, seven, 8. ” After that, the instructor will start to count for the dancing using the number “one. inch

Advantages Of The Internet Television

Internet television has taken the entertainment industry by rage. They provide nonstop entertainment and offer a gamut of benefits. Some years back there was only one channel available on the television but today we have so many channels to cater to the different age groups.

This diverse requirement has created multiple channels and screening of these channels is done through cable network. Today internet television is the latest trend and you can watch hindi movies online without any disturbance anywhere and anytime. The benefits provided by the internet television are many and includes the following:

Easy accessibility

One of the major benefits of internet TV is that you can access it from anywhere. Itis available 24/7 and so you can watch your favourite programs in any channel at any time. This is very good for people who are on the go. Programs in the television will be broadcast only at the specified time and due to official duties many may miss out on this. But, with the internet TV you can watch hindi movies online and also other popular shows from your smartphones or tablets.

Affordable packages

You can choose from a range of shows and programmes by paying a nominal amount. This way you actually save a lot as most of the internet television is now available at much affordable packages and cheaper than the normal television provider’ package. You also have the liberty to view only those that you are actually interested or episodes that you may have missed out. Such flexibility offered by the internetTV makes it viable option.

Favourite shows

Several popular programmes which are now no longer available on any channels can also are picked from the internet television. Some of the provider do offer such old shows for their popularity and repeated public demand. Though on the television they may not get a slot but on the internet they are always available for easy viewing by the general public.

Other added features

Apart from the television shows and movies, you also get the chance to download your favourite songs. You tube connectivity also make it possible to download some of the popular videos of songs and then enables you to hear them any number of times. You can also keep in touch with your friends through the social networking sites. Besides all this you also get access to the radio stations.

How to Market Your Blog

It is important to successfully market your blog in order to increase your readership and maximize your traffic. Whether you’re looking to build your brand or increase your ad client payout, regular and consistent marketing campaigns are essential to the success of your blog. However, with so many marketing methods out there, you may be unaware of which ones are the best options for your blog. Here are some simple internet marketing suggestions for marketing your blog, that you can easily do yourself.

Guest Blogging

Guest blogging is a great way to build your readership and gain brand recognition for your blog. First, find a website that features the same niche as your blog. So for example, if you have a beauty blog you would want to guest blog on a website that predominantly covers beauty topics. Before applying to a guest blogging position be sure that the site has a lot of traffic and a large social media following.

Booking Marketing

Sharing your content on bookmarking sites are great ways to increase your blog’s popularity. Sharing on popular bookmarking sites like Stumbleupon, Digg and Pinterest are powerful, and effective ways to market your blog. However, be sure to not bookmark your blog on hundreds of random bookmarking sites as that this has an extremely negative effect on your Google page ranking.

Social Networking

Be sure to post your blog’s activities on all of your social networking accounts.  In addition, make sure you use your social networking platforms to interact with your readership.

Now that you know some easy and effective marketing methods that will maximize traffic to your blog, be sure to start putting them into practice today. And to get all the latest wireless devices so you can market your blog on the go, be sure to stop by kohls.com.

Best Spiritual Awakening Radio Shows Online

universal_soul_loveSunday mornings are my favorite. For me it means a break from my hectic schedule every week. Most of all, thanks to the relaxing routine I have developed I find myself looking forward to the day. Listening to the internet radio with its message of universal love and shows is simply a treat. It was never this way before. I would usually spend my holiday lazing around until noon and the rest of it would just be a drag. However it was one morning I decided to change my routine by starting my day with a cup of tea. This is when I randomly tuned into this internet radio show that really pulled me into a meaningful world.

So that was it. I began discovering more and more shows and my mornings would start beautifully. The routine set a positive mood for the whole day. From discussions about spiritual awakening to talk shows on a variety of every day topics, this show truly ruled the roost. On some days they would play a collection of spiritual songs that would get me in a contemplative mood. My Sunday mornings became more pleasant as a result and I actually started enjoying the little me time. I would wake up, get a shower and set the kettle boiling while I read the newspaper and listen to this show with utmost eagerness.

The show was indeed energizing and made for easy listening. While I sipped on jasmine tea and croissants, listening to some deep discussion would set the mood for the day. This show is surely one of my very favorites that gave me a good glimpse of universal love. He would discuss a number of enlightening subjects. It would get especially engaging when the discussion would veer to the metaphysical. The host is an acclaimed psychic healer and a practitioner of something called question triggered channeling. From time to time, it also features transformational leaders who take self development to a completely new level. They discuss some really deep issues with experts giving their valuable insights on various related topics.

The Universal Soul Love Show was certainly therapeutic in effect and I would recommend anyone who loves life’s observations to listen to this show. Apart from being thoroughly mesmerizing, this show renders insight to its listeners on the realities of life. Universal Soul Love with Det. David Love and Dr. Lana Love is a must for someone who likes to channelize his lifestyle to a more productive and constructive form. I am really glad I found something that helped me completely transform my morning routine. Now I even tune in to the show in the mornings on the way to work and needless to mention, it really gives a bright new start to my day. I highly recommend it to others for insight about personal transformation, spiritual awareness and for maintaining healthy relationships. They are powerful, highly relevant and very effective. The shows and music make for the perfect companion to my jasmine tea and croissant mornings every Sunday.
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We Found a Great Solution for Once Per Year Shopping

I have 2 daughters, and the man I just married has three boys. We often marvel about what we believe the costs for raising our children will be. We both have jobs that come with very modest paychecks. We want to be able to give the kids all the basics they need, though. Each of the kids are still growing, so clothes will be an ongoing purchase for all of them for years to come. We think we found the solution with the help of Cyber Monday clothing deals that will occur every November, though.

I was always good about buying all of my girl’s clothing when it’s on sale. The only time that I didn’t do that was when there was some sort of emergency item that needed to be purchased, such as replacing a lost coat in the middle of a snowy winter or when one of the girl’s had a sudden growth spurt that necessitated new clothes quickly. My new husband, on the other hand, was not so good about buying discounted clothing, but he is now seeing the merits of it with my help.

This year, all of the kids will need pants, shirts, undergarments, socks, sweaters and coats.

How to Open a Hong Kong Bank Account

http://www.corporationhongkong.com/images/hk/banking.jpgHong Kong is one of the most densely populated cities in the world with a population of seven million people. The city has recently been regained by Chinese sovereignty from British rule. If you are living in Hong Kong, you may want to open a bank account instead of transferring your money to an account in a different country. While you may not need a lot of documentation, you must open an account in person instead of online.

Instructions

  1. Go to a local Hong Kong bank. Some of the largest banks in the city (and found throughout the country) are “Bank of China” and “HSBC.” When opening an account through one of these two banks, you have access to hundreds of other branches throughout the country while a smaller bank in Hong Kong is not lcoated in other areas of the country. A Chinese bank account is similar to European and American accounts as the money is insured and you earn interest on your savings account (although the exact interest rate varies depending on the bank).
  2. Request to open a banking account. Opening an account is not limited to Hong Kong residents. All travelers and foreigners will be able to open an account at an established bank. There are no IRAs in Chinese accounts, but you will be able to open as many savings and checking accounts as you desire.
  3. Fill in the paperwork. Most large Hong Kong banks will have English forms since there are many English speaking businessmen and women who travel through China and must open accounts for business transactions. You must include your name, passport information, home address (your U.S. address is acceptable), the type of account you plan to open and a utility bill.
  4. Present your passport so that the bank tellers may verify your identification. Obtain a copy of your paperwork, then submit the required deposit amount. Once the money is placed into the account, you are free to begin using your Hong Kong bank account at your disposal.

Apple Marketing Strategies

Few companies have made as big an impact on world culture as Apple. A company once on the verge of fading into oblivion made an incredible comeback, using a combination of savvy marketing techniques and devices unlike any previously created. Whether leaking information deliberately to generate buzz or creating commercials that stand the test of time, Apple can be considered an innovative marketing company.

The BeginningWhen it comes to marketing strategies, Apple Computers is a company that consistently works on being on the leading edge. When Apple first decided to engage the PC market, it aired a Super Bowl commercial directed by Ridley Scott. At the time, Scott had just finished directing “Blade Runner” and was considered a hot property. In the commercial, a young woman with a huge sledgehammer smashes it into a massive television screen, bathing the bald-headed drones mesmerized by the monitor in a brilliant white light. The commercial then announced the release data of the Macintosh computer. The commercial generated widespread buzz and was actually voted “Commercial of the Decade” by Ad Age.

iPods and iTunesApple excels at turning brand into market shares. When the iPod was first introduced, Apple made sure that it also had its iTunes store in place. That way, in addition to marketing MP3 players, Apple also made money from selling downloadable music. In addition, the original iTunes store sold music that could only play on iPod players, making it a proprietary marketing strategy. The strategy continued with the arrival of the iPhone and the iPad, which also use proprietary software applications.

iPhoneOnce Apple succeeded in convincing buyers that the only MP3 player worth having was an iPod, it set its sights on the next big thing — the cellphone market. In order to begin the marketing campaign, rumors began surfacing online in late 2006 that Apple was planning on looking into getting into mobile phones. To make the phone as affordable as possible, Steve Jobs worked out an exclusive arrangement with AT&T so that the cost of the phone would be underwritten by the cellphone carrier. In addition, building on the concept of the iTunes store, Apple came out with an “App Store,” allowing users to download software directly onto their iPhones. Once again, the software was proprietary and only people using iPhones could use the many apps that Apple sold. In addition, Apple offered a percentage of each app sold to the app developer, thereby guaranteeing a steady supply of new apps. As always, Apple promoted the iPhone experience as totally user friendly and unobtrusive, a definite part of the Apple marketing strategy.

Customer SatisfactionThe best marketing strategy that Apple uses is giving the customer an experience unlike any other. Apple products are aesthetically attractive and seem to have an edge that other products simply do not. In addition, when going into an Apple store for a hands on experience, the Apple staff have been specifically trained to be knowledgeable in all things Apple. This provides a customer experience created to garner customer loyalty and to build trust.

Developers and AppsOn the other hand, there are those who are dissatisfied with certain Apple marketing strategies. Some developers are not pleased that apps created for the Apple App Store have to go through Apple’s rigorous approval process in order to be accepted. With the new iAd creation that Apple has initiated, even commercials have to pass Apple’s muster, causing companies like Chanel to back out of the iAd advertising campaign. However, Apple’s marketing strategy has always been to allow developers to profit from their creations, while retaining ultimate control in order to maintain the Apple standards.

Top Undergraduate International Business Schools

In today’s interconnected world, a degree in international business can equip students with the skills to be successful in many environments. Some students take international business courses to prepare for a career abroad, while others find success in U.S. firms with offices or customers overseas. No matter where a student finds work, his intercultural communication skills will make him a valued employee. In 2010, “U.S. News and World Report” ranked these schools as having among the most outstanding undergraduate programs in international business.

University of South Carolina

  • The University of South Carolina prides itself on being home to the top-ranked undergraduate international business program in the U.S.–a title it has held since 1998. Admission is competitive. Students apply in the winter of their sophomore year of college for admission the following fall. Admitted students must have a college GPA of at least 3.5, basic foreign language proficiency, demonstrated interest in international issues and leadership experience. Once accepted into the program, students take at least four classes in international business and four classes in advanced foreign language skills. Students are also required to spend one term studying abroad at one of South Carolina’s foreign partner universities in countries such as Australia, Finland and Peru. A small number of international business majors are selected in their freshman year for the International Business and Chinese Enterprise program, in which they alternate terms spent taking classes and interning in South Carolina with terms spent learning and working in Hong Kong. After graduation, these students have the option of earning a master’s degree in international business at South Carolina in only one additional year of study.

    Darla Moore School of Business
    University of South Carolina
    Columbia, SC 29208
    803-777-7700
    mooreschool.sc.edu

New York University

  • Ranked second behind South Carolina, NYU’s Stern School of Business prides itself on its global focus–and with good reason. All business students, including international business majors, take a class called Global Business Environment in their sophomore year. This class introduces students to the study of international business and prepares them for the required International Study Project they will undertake in their junior year. In this semester-long project, students spend the first half of the term studying a major corporation in Europe, Asia or South America. During spring break, students travel abroad to visit the company’s headquarters and meet with top executives. Upon returning home, students spend the remainder of the semester preparing a final analysis project on the company they have studied and its role in the economy of its home nation. This unique program is fully funded by donors so that all students may participate, regardless of their financial situations. International business majors are also encouraged to spend additional time studying abroad at a foreign university or one of NYU’s nine foreign campuses .

    NYU Stern Undergraduate College
    Tisch Hall, Suite 600
    40 West Fourth St.
    New York, NY 10012
    212-998-0921
    w4.stern.nyu.edu/uc/index.cfm

University of Pennsylvania

  • Ranked No. 3 by “U.S. News and World Report,” the International Business program at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business allows for plenty of flexibility to meet each student’s needs. Students who choose the Global Analysis concentration are required to take at least five semesters of a foreign language. With more than 100 languages available at Penn, there are many options. To complete the one semester study abroad requirement for the Global Analysis concentration, students can study at any of Penn’s partner universities in countries such as Israel, Argentina, Italy and Singapore. Students who want additional study-abroad experience can apply to go on a Wharton International Program (WIP) tour. In the WIP program, a group of Wharton students takes a faculty-led tour to visit businesses and attend university lectures in a foreign country. Past WIP trips have included studying socially responsible businesses in Brazil and the fashion industry in Hong Kong.

    Wharton Undergraduate Division
    Gordon B. Hattersley Suite
    G95 Jon M. Huntsman Hall
    3730 Walnut St.
    University of Pennsylvania
    Philadelphia, PA 19104
    215-898-7608

How to Renew a Chinese Visa

Business in China is all about who you know, so finding a good visa agent is the best way to ensure a hassle-free renewal of your Chinese visa. If you would like to do it yourself, which is cheaper, you must renew your China visa if it is about to expire and you are in China. This can best be done in Hong Kong at the Hong Kong Immigration Office, Shanghai’s Entry and Exit Bureau in Pudong or in your country of residence at the Chinese Embassy of Consulate.

Instructions

  1. Have a valid unexpired visa in hand. Otherwise, you would not be renewing for a visa, but instead applying for a visa. If granted in Shanghai, a tourist (L) visa can only be renewed twice for 30 days each, allowing you 90 days in the country total. If granted in the U.S., it is possible to get a 60-day renewal, while some countries do not allow the renewal of Chinese visas. Contact your local embassy or consulate to find out for sure.
  2. Gather your passport, one photo-sized photo and a photocopy of the pink registration you got at the police station when you entered China. At the office, be prepared to wait several hours.
  3. Be prepared to wait three to seven days for the processing of your renewal. In China, this may entail making travel accommodations to, from and in Hong Kong or Shanghai. The wait at pickup should not be as long–most likely, 30 minutes to an hour. At the Shanghai office, there is the option of picking up the visa in person or having it delivered to your home or office for a fee.
  4. Bring an extra photo when taking your renewal forms to the offices if renewing in Hong Kong or Shanghai. With this, officials will provide an official temporary passport for traveling the week without your passport.
  5. Bring any proof of travel accommodations for your trip, especially your flight info, just in case. Officials will want to know that you don’t plan to stay beyond the time limit you are allowed.

Influence of American Culture on Chinese Culture

The history of Chinese culture can be traced back more than 5,000 years. Although different periods were based on a number of different cultures, including Han, Mongol and Manchurian cultures, rapid introduction of American cultural influence began in the late 20th century and continue to present times. While older Chinese people may reject some American influences, many younger Chinese people adopt foreign practices and concepts easily.

Fast-FoodIn the past, fast food in China was considered a street vendor serving one of many unusual local specialties or noodles. However, Kentucky Fried Chicken opened its first restaurant in Beijing in 1987. This initial opening has now lead to the introduction of other American corporate fast-food restaurants, including McDonald’s, Burger King, Subway, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell. In addition, local versions of fast food, including noodle shops and hamburger restaurants that cater to more local tastes, have now become popular.

ClothingWestern clothing began to become popular in China in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Throughout the Republic of China on Taiwan, Western forms of dress have continued to be popular to the present day. However, during certain periods in the People’s Republic of China, Western clothing was shunned in favor of traditional Chinese peasant clothing. In recent times, U.S. brands such as Nike and Adiddas have risen in popularity. U.S. fashion trends, like T-shirts and blue jeans, are as popular in China as in the West.

Internet UseIn the late 20th century, the Internet was virtually unknown in China. In the past 10 years, Internet use and the influence of U.S. companies like Google and Yahoo has surged in China, thus bringing searchable information into the Chinese culture. The availability of information has brought foreign concepts and influences, many from the United States, into Chinese culture. In 2010, Google began forwarding all Chinese Internet searches to its Hong Kong servers in retaliation for hacking on Google user accounts. Google claims the hacking was initiated by the Chinese government, which categorically denied any involvement.

MusicU.S. and European-style rock music has heavily influenced Chinese popular music. Musicians like Wu Bai and other popular rock bands borrow from U.S. rock traditions, while adding influences of Chinese music. The resulting popular music is very different from traditional Chinese music, but is still distinctive to the Chinese culture.

HollywoodHollywood movies influence tastes and views in Chinese culture. From fashion to beliefs about desirable lifestyles, Hollywood movies mold viewpoints of many Chinese people, especially young people. Hollywood movies sometimes introduce concepts foreign to traditional Chinese culture, such as certain ideas on personal freedom.

Hong Kong Hotels Near Tsim Sha Tsui MTR Station

One big advantage of staying at a hotel near Tsim Sha Tsui MTR Station in the heart of Tokyo is that you can reach any major attraction on the peninsula by train. Tokyo is one of the safest cities in the world and offers first-class shopping, restaurants and entertainment.

The Intercontinental Hong Kong

  • The Intercontinental Hong Kong is a waterfront hotel less than five minute’s walk from the Tsim Sha Tsui MTR subway station. It is also 300 meters from Nathan Road, a shopping area known as the Golden Mile because of its jewelry shops. The nearest airport, Chep Lak Kok International (HKG), is a 45-minute drive. Rooms feature Wi-Fi Internet access, cable TV, DVD and CD player, mini-bar, refrigerators and air conditioning. Handicapped accessible rooms are available. Amenities include a sauna, spa, business center, swimming pool with sun deck and terrace, airport shuttle service, fitness center, ATM, babysitting services, mobile phone rental, concierge services, patio, restaurants, bar and laundry services. Guests dine at the Pool Terrace for breakfast and have a choice of five restaurants for lunch and dinner serving French, Japanese and Cantonese cuisine.

    The Intercontinental Hong Kong
    18 Salisbury Road
    Tsim Sha Tsui East, Kowloon
    Hong Kong, China
    +852-2721-1211
    hongkong-intercontinental.jp

The Imperial Hotel

  • The Imperial Hotel is 60 meters from the Tsim Sha Tsui MTR Station entrance and a 30-minute drive from the airport by hotel shuttle. Local attractions within walking distance include the Hong Kong Cultural Centre, the Waterfront and the Hong Kong Space Museum. Rooms come equipped with Wi-Fi Internet access, tea- and coffee-making facilities, cable TV, mini-bar and ironing facilities. Amenities include currency exchange, laundry services, airport shuttle, concierge services, babysitting services, car rental and room service.

    The Imperial Hotel
    30 Nathan Road, Kowloon
    Hong Kong, China
    +852-2366-2200
    imperialhotel.com.hk

The Langham

  • The Langham is less than five minute’s walk from Tsim Sha Tsui MTR Station and a short walk from local attractions like Kowloon Park and the Hong Kong heritage discovery center. Rooms and suites feature queen-sized beds, flat-screen TV, CD and DVD player, iHome audio deck, Internet access, ironing facilities and a safe. Amenities include a fitness center with trainer, gym, swimming pool, sauna, Jacuzzi, spa and health club. L’Eclipse restaurant, located in the hotel, serves Chinese, Western and Asian food. The Main St. Deli is also open for snacks 24 hours a day.

    The Langham
    8 Peking Road
    Kowloon, Tsim Sha Tsui,
    Hong Kong, China
    +852-2375-1133
    langhamhotels.com

Teen Summer Vacation Places

The teen years can be a time to bond with your child and build memories that will last a lifetime. For many busy parents, however, a summer vacation is about the only time available to do more than spend an evening with the kids. Whether you have a lot to spend or are operating on a shoestring, there are countless places to plan for this important trip both near and far.

Hong Kong and Macau

  • Consider an Asian vacation for a time your teen will not soon forget. Hong Kong is known as an exotic and exciting vacation destination. The ever-popular Disneyland Hong Kong has the rides and entertainment you’ve come to expect with this organization but with a Hong Kong flair. Ride one of many thrill rides, eat lunch with your favorite Disney character and catch the fireworks show at night. Ocean Park is also a popular teen hangout. This theme park features dozens of rides and attractions including the Hair Raiser coaster, a cable car that takes you high above the park from one section to another and a unique opportunity to join a professional animal guide to touch exotic animals such as penguins, dolphins and seals. Once you have spent enough time in Hong Kong, hop on the one-hour fairy ride to Macau. While there, try a thrilling bungee jump from the world’s highest jumping facility. Jumping from this 764-foot high tower will leave you with a T-shirt, a video and a thrill that will last a lifetime.
    Hong Kong and Macau are ultra-modern with Asian charm.

Bahamas

  • If you want to keep it a little closer to home, but still have an international experience, consider the Bahamas. Atlantis Resort is one such popular Bahama destination site. This resort complex features a 141-acre swimming area and a host of teen activities. It is also home to Ruins Lagoon, the largest outdoor marine habitat in the world, with more than 20,000 sea creatures. In the evening, your teen can hit the 14,000 square-foot Crush dance club. This ultra-modern club is designed for teens with its large dance floors, its video game rooms with floor-to-ceiling screens and its full-service cafe. Elsewhere in the Bahamas, the adventurous teen can snorkel or SCUBA dive at Stuart Cove. This guided tour will allow your teen to see sunken shipwrecks and feed reef sharks in a safe, guided tour.
    The Bahamas offer countless diving opportunities.

Wisconsin Dells

  • If you live in a hot region and seek a cooler destination for summer vacation, consider the tourist mecca of Wisconsin Dells. This community is known as the “water park capital of the world” due to the size and number of its watery playgrounds. For example, Noah’s Ark is considered America’s largest water park. This facility features nine sizable thrill rides including the Scorpion’s Tail, a 10-story high, 400-feet long water slide that begins with a near vertical drop that plunges you downward at more than 50 feet per second. The Kalahari Resort includes sizable indoor and outdoor water parks as well as live entertainment from local legend Tommy Bartlett among others. The resort also boasts several activities of interest to the teen including laser tag, miniature golf, bowling, go-karts, a NASCAR simulator and an arcade. Wisconsin Dells also has a host of entertainment options in case your teen is not a fan of swimming. Big Sky Twin Drive-In Theater and the Dells 4D Special FX Theater, for example, are unique opportunities for the teen who likes the cinema, while Jeremy Allen’s Grand Illusions and the Rick Wilcox Magic Theater have the fan of magic covered.
    The Dells has a large number of indoor and outdoor water parks.

St. Louis

  • St. Louis, and more specifically the Gateway Arch, is known as the Gateway to the West. The city features the iconic, 630-foot tall Gateway Arch, known as America’s tallest national monument. This park starts with an interesting movie outlining how the structure was built followed by an odd elevator ride up the curved structure and some time of stunning views of St. Louis and beyond. While in town, take in some Cardinals baseball, Rams football or St. Louis Blues hockey if you have a sports-minded teen. The nearby Six Flags theme park includes dozens of rides and attractions including the Screamin’ Eagle and Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast. When you are done with the thrills and want to eat, navigate to “The Hill,” a large Italian area of town featuring dozens of authentic restaurants and unique shops.
    The Gateway Arch commemorates America’s westward expansion.

List of Universities in Hong Kong

Government encouragement of international student enrollment, liberal scholarship programs and affordability, and world-class research programs are all reasons to consider university-level study in Hong Kong, a Special Administrative Region of islands off China’s coast. Many university classes there are taught in English. Four Hong Kong universities in particular rise to the top of the lists compiled by Times Higher Education in 2013 and the Academic Ranking of World Universities in 2014.

University of Hong Kong

  • Founded in 1910, the University of Hong Kong is the oldest university in Hong Kong. Times Higher Education ranked it the third-best university in Asia in 2013. In 2014 the research university was in the process of forming a Center for Marine Environmental Research and Innovative Technology, a Developmental Genomics and Skeletal Research center and a Control of Pandemic and Inter-pandemic Influenza center. The school’s researchers in 2003 were the first in the world to identify the cause of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak. For the 2013-14 school year there were 27,000 undergraduates and 7,000 staff members.

Chinese University of Hong Kong

  • The 339-acre Chinese University of Hong Kong campus overlooking Tolo Harbour is the largest and greenest in Hong Kong, according to the school website. The campus includes libraries, museums, music halls, a swimming pool, sports fields, tennis courts, squash courts and a water sports center. Its researchers are published in the journals “Science,” “Nature” and “The Lancet.” The university is composed of nine colleges and 18 areas of excellence for research, including the Center for Organelle Biogenesis and Function, the Historical Anthropology of Chinese Society center and the Center for Plant and Agricultural Biotechnology.

Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

  • Founded in 1991, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology overlooks the Clear Water Bay peninsula. Scholars at the university had applied for 149 patents and received 80 as of 2014. University scientists are working on 753 funded projects on a research budget of $548 million Hong Kong dollars, about $71 million in U.S. dollars. Faculty at the university come with degrees from Oxford, Cambridge, Caltech, Harvard, Yale, Columbia and Stanford universities. The school has 250 exchange programs and its executive MBA program was ranked best in the world in 2013 by the “Financial Times.”

City University of Hong Kong

  • The City University of Hong Kong has student exchange agreements with 100 schools in 28 countries. The university has seven colleges with 24 academic departments. For the 2013-14 school year the university had more than 800 professors, including more than 300 in science and engineering. For the 2012-13 school year the university had 1,735 research projects underway with a research budget of $975 million Hong Kong dollars, about $127 million U.S. dollars. Of the students who graduated in 2013, 88 percent were employed and 8 percent were enrolled in post-graduate programs. Sixty percent of the 2013 graduates with jobs worked in commerce and business.

How to Invest in the Hong Kong Stock Market

The Hong Kong stock market is considered one of the world’s key indexes, and it also represents an easier path for Western investors looking to put some money into up-and-coming Chinese companies. Officially known as the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the market consistently ranks among the top 10 in the world in terms of market capitalization.

Instructions

  1. Do your research. Spend some time getting to know the movers and shakers on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and the trends that currently define the marketplace. Remember that the performance of a few key companies is enough to send the entire market up or down.
  2. Read up on your local Hong Kong and Chinese current events and business news. The smart investor knows that politics plays a very important role in the direction a country’s stock market takes, especially in a transitional economy like China’s.
  3. Differentiate the two major Hong Kong stock markets. Understand that the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited is a conglomerate of four exchanges that merged in the 1980s and is the primary market for securities trading in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Enterprise Growth Market (GEM) is a speculative market in which up-and-coming companies that don’t qualify for the regular stock exchange can attract investor attention.
  4. Study the exchange. Decide on an industry you’d like to invest in, and look for a company that suits your risk tolerance in addition to offering an attractive profit potential.
  5. Contact a licensed stockbroker, ideally one you’ve been doing business with for some time. Laws governing foreign investment in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange are complex, with considerable gray area. Ask your stockbroker whether he is permitted by law to invest in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on your behalf.
  6. Seek a licensed professional from the Chinese business community in a major city. Set up a trading account through the professional’s institution, and have her invest in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on your behalf. Remember that it can be difficult to track the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in real time, thanks to the considerable time difference between Hong Kong and the continental United States.

How to Pick a TV News Agent

Picking a TV news agent is one of the most important decisions you can make in your career as a broadcast journalist. A good agent can open doors otherwise closed to you. An agent can also negotiate more money and better terms than you could on your own. On the other hand, a poor agent can hold your career back and cause you to miss opportunities. Choose your agent wisely and carefully.

Instructions

  1. Determine whether it is time for you to get an agent. If you are new to broadcast journalism, then you probably don’t need one. You can get jobs in small markets by yourself. If you are ready to make the jump to a top 30 market, then it’s time to consider hiring an agent.
  2. Decide what you want your agent to do for you. For example, decide if you want your agent to pitch you to top-level news directors. If so, your agent must have great contacts and long-term relationships with those news directors. On the other hand, if you need an agent only to negotiate a contract for a job you’ve already landed, a media attorney may suffice.
  3. Locate potential agents through industry publications, online directories or recommendations from colleagues.
  4. Ask around about an agent’s reputation. Experience is vital in an agent. If no one has heard of your agent, then no one will pay attention to the agent. Be prepared to hear both positive and negative things. Consider everything you hear, not just the assessments of one or two people.
  5. Be suspicious of an agent who approaches you. There are many “wannabe” agents out there who collect clients in smaller markets hoping that some of them make it to the big time. They don’t do much for their clients because they don’t have much influence in the industry. Check them out first. If no one you ask has heard of them, then move on.
  6. Pitch yourself to the agent of your choice. Most of the time it is up to you to approach an agent. Getting one is like getting a job, so put together your best resume tape and send it in. Follow up with telephone calls and email. If the agent like what she sees, she’ll let you know. If she gives you the run-around, then you’ll know she was not impressed.
  7. Try another agent if you are rejected. Don’t take it personally. You may be very good but not ready for the big time yet. That agent may have too many clients right now, and taking on another isn’t practical. There are a lot of good agents out there, so keep looking until you find one who’s a good fit.
  8. Negotiate a contract with your agent. Understand that once you sign a contract you will be bound to the agent, so be sure you like the terms. Most agents want to take 10% of your salary from any job they get you. Over time, you may be able to negotiate this down. The term is also important, but three years is standard.
  9. Build a relationship with your agent because it’s a partnership that will last years. A good agent will always make your career the first priority and steer you clear of bad situations even if there’s short term gain. A solid relationship is important for mutual trust over the long haul.
  10. Keep in close contact with your agent. Call your agent often whether you are looking for work or in the middle of a contract. You want to keep yourself on their front burner. Don’t be the kind of client who only calls when he needs something.

How to Write a News Report

http://www.eslprintables.com.es/previewprintables/2008/dec/thumb812181657118521.jpgWell-written news reports are quick, they’re hard-hitting and they’re filled with facts that matter to the readers, usually in a limited word count. Reporters write news reports by leading with the most important information up front and by dedicating themselves to accuracy. Regardless of media, solid news reports share certain criteria in common. They are well-researched, have a strong lead, contain supporting facts and details, are newsworthy and are organized to give the reader the most important facts first.

Gather the Facts

  • The writing of a news report begins long before the first word is put to paper. It starts with solid reporting and research. Compile the known facts in an outline form for organization and to make it easier to write, clean, succinct copy later. Take the time to reach out to sources who can corroborate or substantiate the facts and provide first-hand information. The News Manual, an online source for professional journalists, the media and news reporters, recommends contacting other journalists, primary sources — someone directly involved in the event being covered — written sources, leaked documents, secondary sources and tip-offs. Choose the article’s sources well, and then prepare for the interview by developing insightful questions. Take accurate notes when conducting an interview. Many reporters opt to record their interviews for complete accuracy and quotes.

Writing the Lead

  • The article’s lead must grab and engage the reader immediately. As the first sentence, it should convey the topic of the report. But some leads may pick a particular angle to grab attention or use an anecdote to make the story more relatable to the reader. Write your lead in active voice using strong verbs and vivid language. Use as few words as possible; good leads typically have only 25 to 30 words. The story requires a quick and concise introduction as it sets the stage to deliver the promise created by the lead and headline. Overall, a solid news article answers the questions of who, what, where, when, why and how.

The Correct Facts

  • Ohlone College teaches that the ABCs of news writing are accuracy, brevity and clarity — with accuracy at the top of the list. “A story can be creative and compelling, but if it contains errors, it is worthless. Actually, it is worse than worthless; a false news story undercuts the public trust necessary for the survival of a free press.” Facts trump everything else — writing style, narrative or previous reports. Check and double-check each of your facts. Attribute facts accurately, as well as any information that is a matter of someone’s opinion. It is especially important that you get names right.

Making it Newsworthy

  • The key to writing a successful news report beings with knowing why the story is important and who its audience is. When writing a news article, think about what you audience already knows. Figure out why they care about the story you plan to write. If you are writing a sports report, put it in context for fans — explain why this particular game matters. If you are writing about a debate on a tax increase, explain who is affected by it, its overall impact and the actual amount of the increase. If you are covering a crime story, cite where it occurred and who was involved. Elements that make a story newsworthy include when it occurs, how close it is to the reader, how much it affects people, how prominent it is and whether it has human interest elements. Identify these things in your story to ensure you include them in the article.

Organizing the Copy

  • News reports have a slightly different format than most other narratives or academic reports. News reports use an inverted pyramid style in which the most important information is given first. Important details follow with supporting and background information given later in the story. At the end, include any contact information the reader may need. Do not bring your personal opinion to bear in a news article, remain objective and let the facts and the participants tell the story. Avoid making statements that may be construed as editorial opinions, overtly negative or in support of or against the issues.

How to Use Quotes in a News Article

Quoting sources in an article lends both color and credibility to a news story. However, a writer should only use quotes that advance the narrative in a clarifying and concise way. If the reporter can make a point more clearly by paraphrasing in her own words, she should do so.

Basic Rules for Quotes

  • A reporter shouldn’t start a news story with a quote. A quote should only be included if the speaker has valuable information that enlightens and engages the reader; dry facts or statistics are usually better left in the reporter’s text. For example, if a reporter is writing about an entertainment event, there’s little value in quoting the promoter of the event if all he says is, “The event begins at 8 p.m.” Quotes should be used to give voice to the opinions and emotions of sources. A reporter might use a quote from that same promoter if he says, “We’ve tried for years to get this band to appear at our festival, and this year they finally said yes.” The Associated Press discourages the use of partial quotes. AP also suggests using quotes for a source’s controversial or sensitive remarks. In a story about a speech or an individual, the first quote should be no lower in the story than the third or fourth paragraph, according to The News Manual.

Rules for Attribution

  • The speaker should usually be listed after the quote, as in the following example: “The mayor’s speech was too brief,” said Councilman Mike Jones. If another speaker is quoted immediately following a quote, then it’s fine to give the speaker attribution before the quote to avoid confusing the reader: “The mayor’s speech was too brief,” said Councilman Mike Jones. But Councilman Joe Smith disagreed, and said, “The mayor was concise and to the point.” If the quote is more than one sentence, attribution should be given to the speaker after the first sentence.

School Newspaper Story Ideas

http://pad3.whstatic.com/images/thumb/7/78/Write-an-Article-for-Your-School-Newspaper-Step-4.jpg/670px-Write-an-Article-for-Your-School-Newspaper-Step-4.jpgA school newspaper not only provides students and parents with up-to-date news and bulletins but also includes longer in-depth features. A well-produced and edited newspaper highlights individual student and school successes. It also fosters a sense of community. Many school newspapers strive to be interactive and to profile the students’ own ideas and experiences.

News

  • Ideal topics to include in the newspaper’s news pages are recent sports achievements, such as the school basketball team winning a league game. Other possible items to include are individual student or class success stories, such as reaching the Intel Science competition finals. Snippets about changes to school policy, forthcoming events, field trips and fundraising stories are also good news choices. A newspaper reporter could also include stories about important visitors and awards ceremonies.

Features

  • A school newspaper’s features section is an opportunity for creativity. Topical features could include school efforts toward becoming “green,” including recycling. Some of the features should address students’ emotional needs. For instance, topics such as “how to prevent bullying” and “when to seek counseling” could help many students. Other feature ideas include profiling a teacher or the principal. Features can also address concerns such as budgetary effects on the school.

Arts and Entertainment

  • The section on arts should include a mix of reviews of new books, movies and music of interest to the students. Profiles of local bands, particularly if some of the students are members, would be a good choice. This section could also focus on the school’s choir, drama and poetry societies and include comments from the students. Interviews with local artists, writers and musicians are other options for the arts section. This section could also include short stories and poems by students.

Sports

  • The sports section enables the newspaper reporters to record individual and team successes, such as swimmers progressing to the state finals. Features on sports could focus on training and preparation techniques. Individual stories, such as a female senior student who becomes a karate teacher, would fit well in this section. Comment pieces, predicting success and evaluating the competition, are suitable in this section. Inspirational stories from local sporting heroes would also interest students.

How to Cancel Dallas Morning News (DMN) Newspaper Delivery

The Dallas Morning News newspaper is a good source of local, national and world news, sports scores and stories, business and entertainment information, classified ads, and other information. But if your Dallas Morning News papers are piling up on your lawn or around the house or if you find that you are tossing your newspapers directly into the trash without even reading them, it may be time for you to cancel your subscription.

Instructions

  1. Research your current rate plan and last payment date. If you have already paid for the next month’s subscription and you decide to cancel in the middle of the month, you may request a refund for days that you will no longer receive the paper. Your current rate plan will determine the amount of your refund.
  2. Call the Dallas Morning News Customer Service Department at 1-800-925-1500. Representatives are available to take your call Monday through Friday from 6:00 am to 5:00 pm and Saturday and Sunday from 6:00 am to 1:00 pm.
  3. Explain to the representative your reason for cancellation and confirm with him or her how much your refund for any undelivered newspapers will be.

The Effects of Cable Television

Cable television has become a major medium for entertainment and news. According to a study conducted by A.C. Nielsen Co., 56 percent of Americans pay for cable television. As its name suggests, cable television transmits signals through fixed optical fibers or coaxial cables. It is most common in Europe, East Asia, the Middle East and North America. The programming on cable TV have acted as more than a mirror in those years, actively reshaping the social and political realities of the people who watch it.

Instructions

  1. Focus on a specific niche. Build a loyal following in a certain area so that you become known as the company who is an expert in that niche. For example, if you have a fondness for parties for kids, center your business on parties for young people. Put the words “we specialize in clowns for kids’ parties” on all of your marketing materials, including company answering machine messages, and mention your specialty on any occasion when you tell people about your entertainment business.
  2. Invest in equipment for your entertainment business. If you are going to hire music groups, singers, dancers and performers to entertain crowds of people, purchase quality equipment that they can use to perform. Keep in mind that even if the venue in which they are appearing already has microphones, DJ equipment or other fancy items that they can use, it is always smart to have a backup plan, just in case their equipment fails. Purchase items in the name of your business from wholesale sources that cater to entertainment businesses, in order to ensure you get the best rates.
  3. Advertise your services. Consider placing paid ads on the Internet that target people who are searching for keywords related to your business. Hire a computer professional who can show you proven results of prior ad campaigns he has managed, can provide references that you can call to verify results, and is someone with whom you feel comfortable communicating. Set up a website for your company that lists all of the services you offer, provides special online discounts, and gives a short biography of the top acts in your entertainment business.
  4. Employ additional workers. Hire more performers so that you can send them to perform at additional locations that you book, and thus earn extra income for your entertainment business. Reward your top employees with bonuses such as extra cash, more chances to perform, and the ability to choose where they would like to perform.

How to Create a Television Channel

http://cdn-media-1.lifehack.org/wp-content/files/2014/03/Who-Needs-Cable-When-You-Can-Create-Your-Own-TV-Channel-Guide-Using-Mohu.jpgTelevision channels range from breaking-news networks like CNN and Fox News to entertainment channels like Bravo to special-focus networks like the NFL Network. If you can cultivate an underdeveloped niche–an area that other channels have not explored enough–you have a distinct advantage in creating and developing your television channel.

Instructions

  1. Create a business plan for your television channel. You need to have a firm sense of when to expect profitability, how much to charge, how much original programming you need, and how much advertising is required. You need short-term and long-term creative and business goals. You should secure the appropriate funding with your business plan by bringing in co-financiers or taking out a business loan.
  2. Submit an application to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for television bandwidth. The application requires your business address, an agreement to any possible future fines, and compliance with equal opportunity laws. You should receive a receipt of the application submission in the mail. The application process includes a high fee, which varies depending on the location, and an auction process in which you must bid on the bandwidth.
  3. Apply for state and city business licenses. Consider establishing the channel as a limited-liability corporation (LLC) to protect your personal assets.
  4. Hire personnel for the television channel. You need a creative programming director, an advertising staff, a legal department, and business management personnel. Each of these individuals will be charged with realizing the short-term and long-term goals of your channel.
  5. Create original programming for your television channel. Acquire the ancillary rights for syndication, which is the rebroadcast of shows that have previously aired on other networks. The balance between syndicated and original television shows will depend on your business plan.
  6. Work out a deal with cable-television providers like DirectTV and Cox Communication. The fee that you receive from the cable-television provider varies. For instance, the sports network ESPN receives $5 from each person who pays for cable.

How to See the Today Show on NBC Live

http://img-aws.ehowcdn.com/default/ds-photo/getty/article/223/131/187681796_XS.jpg

Since its debut in January 1952, NBC’s The Today Show has become a morning news and entertainment staple for millions of American households. This four-hour show is known for a variety of breaking news, in-depth coverage of big news stories and fluffy entertainment pieces. “Today” moved to a new studio in 1994, affording its viewers an opportunity to see the show taped live through large plate-glass windows, as well as holding concerts and other events just outside the studio for the general public. While most people can’t be in the actual studio during taping, you can see live performances almost every week presented by the familiar stars of the show.
Step 1:Search the Today Show website to find concert performers you want to see, if music is your aim in visiting the Today Show. Schedule your trip accordingly.

Step 2:Make a large, bright poster if the show is scheduled to take a trip outside. Use an entire poster board and dark markers to create a clever, distinctive message. You are more likely to be noticed by the camera and producers if your sign stands out.

Step 3:Get up early for your trip to the Today Show. The audience often begins to gather two to three hours before the show begins, depending on expected guests. Concert days and special events like Halloween are especially busy, so take that into account in your timing.

Step 4:Go to 49th Street and Rockefeller Plaza to view the show. Get close to the large glass window if you want to view the indoor show being filmed, or find a spot on the rope line if you prefer to wait for the outdoor entertainment, if there is any that day.

How to Set Up a CNN News Alert

How to Set Up a CNN News Alert. CNN is known as one of our central news agencies with the most up-to-date news features going on around the world. You can set up a news alert or RSS feed so that you’ll get CNN’s latest news in your specified fields of interest as it’s breaking.

Instructions

  1. Visit the CNN website for information about the news alerts they offer. Consider the different options for news updates. On the front page of the site, you can choose to make the CNN site your home page, choosing between the local or international edition. You can also customize the home page to show the information you are looking for.
  2. Scroll to the bottom of the front page of the CNN site and notice the options associated with news alerts on the left side of the page. They offer RSS feed, emails, CNN mobile alerts, CNN radio and breaking news alerts. Select the one you are most interested in.
  3. Follow the free registration instructions when prompted. This will include country, first name (for personalization purposes), email address, password and zip code. You can then select to receive breaking news alerts and other member updates, if you desire.
  4. Double check that you have received a confirmation email from CNN before assuming your news alerts have been set up. If there is a problem with your news alerts or you wish to cancel at any time, follow the instructions at the bottom of the email for assistance.

How to Get a Job Doing TV News

The anchors you see reading the nightly news are far from the only professionals on a TV news staff. If you’re interested in working in this field, you might pursue a career as a videographer who shoots the stories, a producer who organizes the flow of the show, a writer who writes the news, a reporter who covers breaking stories, a video editor or even an assignment editor who scouts out the stories worth covering. Whatever specialty you choose, you’ll get your start through a mix of education and experience.

What You’ll Study

  • The first requirement for landing a TV news job is having the right education. You’ll typically need a bachelor’s degree in journalism, communications or a related field, such as English or film. If your college offers courses in broadcasting, or perhaps even a specialty degree in broadcasting, take those courses. More general coursework in the principles of journalism is also a good start. Some aspiring journalists opt to earn a master’s degree in journalism as well, although it’s not generally required for most journalism jobs.

Getting Your Feet Wet

  • As with most professions, you’ll need to start gaining experience as early as possible. If your school has a newspaper, magazine or campus TV program, join it. If not, you can also gain experience by starting your own online blog or podcast or by volunteering at a community radio or TV station. While having TV or video experience is best, having any sort of journalism experience is better than none. After college, get more work experience — and industry connections — through internships or by freelancing for smaller news stations or newspapers.

Demonstrating Your Skills

  • All journalists need to maintain a portfolio that shows the types of work they have done and what they’re capable of doing. If you aspire to be a reporter, anchor, video editor or videographer, that might mean collecting video clips and putting them together on a “reel” — basically a DVD or online video file you can show to prospective employers. For writers or producers, you may need to compile a document that demonstrates your best written work and also produce a video reel. Some journalists opt to create an online portfolio; others use a mix of paper portfolio and online or DVD video clips. When you find a job you want, you’ll provide employers access to the reel and portfolio, as well as a well-written cover letter and resume.

Where to Find Jobs

  • Expect fierce competition even for the jobs at small-market TV stations — as well as relatively low pay. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, all professions in the field of journalism are expected to decline between 2012 and 2022. The median wage as of 2012 was $35,870. You’ll likely need to work at a small-town TV station before you can land a job in cities such as New York, Los Angeles or Atlanta. Landing an internship — typically unpaid — at a station where you would like to work can increase your odds of getting a job there, although the competition for internships can also be pretty stiff. You may need to take several internships and be open to part-time or freelance work to get your foot in the door. Also keep in mind that working at a TV station is just one avenue to pursue. Don’t overlook jobs for Web-only publications, prominent blogs with video channels or jobs for private businesses that focus on video, film or even radio production.

Entertainment Reporter Job Description

Entertainment reporters cover a wide range of stories for various media outlets. Although the name may conjure up one-on-one interviews and schmoozing with hot, A-list celebrities, your rank-and-file entertainment reporters are hard-nosed, gritty journalists who snuff out and investigate news. Like their counterparts covering other industries, they make decisions every day about what's the most important information to convey to their audience.

Entertainment Reporting

  • Entertainment reporting is one of many specialties a professional journalist can go into. They cover arts and entertainment in their respective areas, writing articles, broadcasting news stories or web posts. Their knowledge spans TV and movies, music and radio, the online world, as well as fashion, trends and other elements of pop culture. Higher level entertainment reporters often have greater access to celebrities and may become trusted media critics.

Education and Training Requirements

  • Reporters generally are graduates of one of the 1,500 journalism degree programs located throughout the country. Entertainment is considered “a beat,” or a specialty in many media organizations, which means you'll have to have a few years of general assignment reporting before you'll be considered for an entertainment reporting gig. When you go for your first job, expect stiff competition and a lot of freelance and part-time opportunities. In fact, unpaid internships are a standard route into most reporting jobs. Experience with producing, editing and web posting will always be a plus.

Helpful Characteristics

  • To be a good entertainment reporter, it helps to be a pop culture junkie. You've got to have a pulse on what's happening in television, radio, print publications, social media, fashion, school campuses, business, and politics–and that's in addition to having an ear to the ground in the particular segment of the entertainment industry you're covering. Not only will you want to break news on a rock band's split, your daily bread will be reporting everything from their concert dates, TV appearances and philanthropic activities to what they're wearing. Moreover, multitasking is the name of the game, especially when a big story drops. It also helps to get over being star-struck.

A Day on the Job

  • Although you'll get more than your fair share of press junkets, interviewing cast members in studio or on the red carpet, your daily work will be considerably more grinding. You'll be skimming press releases, chasing leads, verifying tips and rumors, attempting to get quotes and scouring for “the money shots” for your next broadcast, Web post or print run. Remember, entertainment reporters work in New York and Los Angeles, but also in Dallas and D.C., so the same work applies to “local celebrities” though you may be called a social reporter in some areas.

Salary Ranges

  • Entertainment reporters at local and small media outlets can have starting wages in the range of $30,000 to $35,000 as of May 2008. On the higher end, some notable entertainment reporters, like Ryan Seacrest and Joan Rivers, command multi-million dollar contracts.

How Do You Get CNN Headline News in Real Time?

https://lh6.ggpht.com/KiwbjPPmMiheGPYfYXBjEjTlyl8bd3cejgm_WKT_ga8ovCDxTNEBjsb-U7cJGAk60_w=h900The growth and development of Internet technology makes it possible to view breaking news as it happens. Major news agencies such as CNN Headline News provide options for readers to receive real time news to your computer or cell phone in both message and streaming-video format. CNN Headline News also provides options for you to customize content and receive real time news in the categories you select.

Instructions

  1. Log in or set up CNN user account. From the CNN website home page, select either “Sign Up” or “Login” from the menu at the top right of the screen. To sign up, you will need to choose a screen name, enter your email address, and create a password. Reply to the confirmation email CNN sends you to activate your account and access your profile page.
  2. Access “My Alerts” from your profile page. Your profile page is the default login page. Scroll to the bottom of the page to view the “My Alerts” section. Select “Breaking News Alerts” and then click the “Manage” button.
  3. Select “Turn On” to receive real time CNN Headline News alerts via email. If you want to receive real-time news alerts via text message, text “Alerts to 26688” from your cell phone.
  4. View live streaming video in real time by clicking “Programming Alerts” and then “Turn On” to receive an alert as CNN Headline news is breaking.
  5. Customize real time alerts by selecting “Personalized Email Alerts.” Click “Manage” to create a new alert. Give the alert a name and provide keyword parameters. Select the “Immediate” radio button to receive real-time personalized alerts.

How to Block MSNBC RSS Feeds in Outlook

Subscribing to a Really Simple Syndication news feed is a convenient way to get the latest news headlines and information delivered direct to your computer’s email application, Web browser or dedicated feed reader program. If you’ve subscribed to the MSNBC news feed and later want to unsubscribe from the service, then you might have encountered problems when you try to delete the feed from Microsoft Outlook. This is because the Microsoft Windows 7 operating system synchronizes feeds between the Internet Explorer Web browser and Microsoft Outlook email program. To delete and block the MSNBC RSS news feeds from Microsoft Outlook, you’ll need to disable synchronization in the program’s Common Feed List before deleting the feed from Outlook.

Instructions

  1. Launch Microsoft Outlook. Click the “File” tab in the main menu, and then select “Options.”
  2. Click the “Advanced” tab. Click the check box beside “Synchronize RSS Feeds to the Common Feed List (CFL) in Windows” to clear and deselect this option.
  3. Click “Mail” in the Outlook left-hand navigation pane.
  4. Click the “RSS Feeds” folder to display a list of subscribed RSS news feeds.
  5. Click and highlight the MSNBC RSS news feed folders. Press the “Delete” key on your computer keyboard. Click the “Yes” button in the confirmation dialog box. Repeat this step for each MSNBC feed that you want to delete.

Reasons Why People Write

http://image.slidesharecdn.com/whydopeoplereadpoetry-091029191734-phpapp01/95/why-do-people-read-poetry-12-728.jpg?cb=1256844556Writing gives people the opportunity to express themselves regardless of whether they are writing journalism, fiction or other type of genre. Writing, in its essence, is a soul soother. As the pen hits the page or fingers tap on a keyboard, the writing is the beginning of personal expression. People write for a variety of reasons, but mainly writing serves to provoke change.

Writing to Express Yourself

  • When people are stressed out or unnerved by certain situations in their lives, writing can tame those qualms. Putting thoughts on a page can help people solve those problems or just provide a sense of peace by expressing their feelings rather than keeping them bottled up inside. Journals, diaries and poetic writing are perfect examples of writing that soothes the soul. These personal memoirs are a collection of memories, good and bad, that the writer wrote about in order to keep a particularly positive memory alive or work out a negative issue.

Writing to Provoke Change

  • Writing can also be used to provoke change. When people blog or publish books and articles about controversial issues such as abortion, they are using persuasive language to get their point across and convince others that their platform on a certain policy is correct. When writers have a very large audience, they are sometimes able to influence public opinion.

Writing to Gain Attention or Notoriety

  • Writers can also use their tools to gain attention or notoriety. They may focus on writing about a particular topic to become well-known for their opinions about it. For example, celebrity blogger Perez Hilton has made a name for himself by breaking entertainment news stories, but his site has gained notoriety because of his snarky and sometimes rude comments about celebrities.

Writing for Educational Purpose

  • Students, regardless of if they’re pursuing a high school diploma, bachelor’s degree, master’s degree or Ph.D., write to enhance their education and fulfill class requirements. This type of writing serves to help students delve deeper into the topics of their classes. For example, if a student studying health writes a paper about premature babies or adult men living with HIV, she will come out with a better understanding of the topic once the paper is written.

Writing Books

  • People write books for a wide variety of reasons, but in general the underlying reason is that they have a story to share with the world, whether it is fiction or non-fiction. Writing a book gives a writer the opportunity to have his ideas heard by people all over the world.

How to Stop MSNBC Breaking News Emails

MSNBC.com offers viewers an opportunity to subscribe to breaking news alerts that will be delivered to the subscriber’s inbox. If you’re using Microsoft Outlook and are receiving unwanted MSNBC emails, you may be signed into the website’s RSS feed, which will appear as breaking news emails in your Outlook email account. To get rid of this, you must delete the RSS feed from your Outlook account.

Instructions

  1. Sign in to your Microsoft Outlook account. You will need to enter in your user name and password to get access to the account.
  2. Click on “Tools” and choose the option for “Account Settings.” On the new tab, click on the option for “RSS Feeds.”
  3. Scroll through the various feeds you are subscribed to and locate the feed for MSNBC. Select the MSNBC feed and click the button to “Remove.” The feed will then be deleted from your Outlook account, stopping the emails from entering your inbox.

How to Do a Breaking News Live Shot for TV News

In the world of social media and the citizen journalist, the person first to report on a story is king. When you’re a reporter covering breaking news, someone may have already tweeted about your story or otherwise published it, so you’ll do well to get your live shot set up and on the air as soon as possible. Use your journalistic training to deliver a story that covers the who, what, when, where, why and how, and make sure to provide strong images from the scene.

Gathering Information

  • The job of gathering information should start before you even arrive on the scene. Talk with your producers and assignment editors at the station to find out all the details they know, and establish a line of communication — such as text messages, for example — with your colleagues who are monitoring the situation via police scanner or helicopter, so you all can share information. Make notes of the five “W’s” of the situation and any questions left unanswered, so you’ll be able to deliver a coherent report as soon as you get on the scene and get set up.

Choosing a Location

  • Choose a location that allows you to tell as much of the story visually as possible. The site should keep you out of danger, while at the same time giving you access to any witnesses who may have been there. If the situation is serious enough, you’ll have multiple “hits” with your live report — time enough to allow you to find witnesses to interview live. Have your photographer take a few shots of the scene right away, and send them back to the studio so you can use them for cutaways. If you’re able, also interview any available witnesses so you’ll have sound bites to use later.

Share Information, Tell What You’re Finding Out

  • In most breaking news situations, you’ll have very little backup video to go on. To give you a chance to review your notes or to gather your thoughts during the live shot, find out whether your producer has prepared any maps or graphics you can use as cutaway shots, and confirm how you’ll call for them. For example, you might say “I want to show you a map of the location” as an indicator that you’re calling for the map to appear on screen. When the producer gives you the cue to go live, listen carefully to what the anchor says, and don’t repeat that information in your intro. Because the shot is live, don’t be afraid to glance at your notes and to share what information you’re still working on finding out, and what viewers might not be able to see on camera. Since there’s very little time to substantiate claims, always attribute any information you’ve been given. Listen for your producer’s “wrap” cue, and then sign off with your name and location.

Implementing Social Media

  • When you arrive, your live shot truck operator is going to need a minute or two to set up the mast and to get things ready for your live shot. During that time you’ll likely be gathering information about the story, but don’t overlook the need to be first — and that can come by publishing something on social media before your live shot. If you arrive on the scene of a fire, snap a few shots with your smartphone as you pull up, or a few seconds of video you can publish to your station’s YouTube channel, suggests journalism professor Simon Perez on the Poynter Institute website. Upload your shots to Twitter, Facebook or YouTube, as well as to your station’s producer, as they could be among the first images on the scene. During your live shot, mention the images and where they’re published. Your producers can use them as a video source for your live shot, and your viewers will also visit your social feeds to see the latest.

How to Stay Entertained on a Plane

http://traveltips.usatoday.com/DM-Resize/photos.demandstudios.com/getty/article/187/53/dv2073118_XS.jpg?w=560&h=560&keep_ratio=1&webp=1Wilbur Wright, co-inventor of the airplane, once described the sensation of flying in a plane as “one of perfect peace mingled with an excitement that strains every nerve to the utmost.” But that airborne sense of wonder has given way in recent decades to boredom and annoyance. In a recent survey of customer satisfaction with 47 industries, airlines finished tied for last, according to an article in “Bloomberg News,” entitled “Airline Industry Ties For Last Place in Customer Satisfaction Survey.” Ever since commercial flight began, passengers have grasped for ways to make the experience an entertaining or at least bearable one.

The Silver Screen at 35,000 Feet

  • Passengers rank watching movies as the best way to pass the time on a flight. In a recent poll, 41 percent of customers said so. The second favorite, reading, was 20 points behind, according to an article in “Business Line,” entitled “Watching Movies, Reading Most Popular Activity on Board an Aircraft: IATA.” Movies are the original in-flight entertainment. The first movie on a plane was a silent short called “Howdy Chicago,” screened on a sightseeing flight over the Windy City in 1921. In the 1960s, with smaller 16mm projectors, followed by the invention of headphones, movies became a regular feature on longer flights. In the 1980s and 1990s, VHS cassettes and DVDs made showing movies easier for flight crews to manage, but passengers still had no choice of filmic fare. Today, many airlines offer an impressive selection of current movies on private seat-back screens. But they’re no longer included in the price of a plane ticket. Each viewing can cost $5.99 or more, as of 2013, according to IndependentTraveler.com.

A Movie Megaplex in Your Carry-On

  • Today, passengers no longer need to rely on airlines, even those with rich and varied entertainment systems, for in-flight viewing. And there’s no need for pay-per-view fees. Laptop computers and, more recently, tablets such as Apple’s iPad, Amazon’s Kindle or the Barnes and Noble Nook HD can be carried on planes easily. Before traveling, use iTunes, Amazon Video On Demand or Google Play to download movies legally, for less than the airline pay-per-view fees, suggests iMore.com in its article entitled “How to Download and Enjoy Movies, TV Shows, and Music on Your New iPad.” Then walk on board with a virtual multiplex movie theater that you can slip into your seat-back pocket until the captain says its okay to turn on electronic devices.

Children: Not So Easily Amused

  • Grown-ups have gadgets and movies to keep themselves amused during tedious flights. But keeping a kid entertained during flight is a takeoff-to-landing project. Supply kids with their own movies or downloaded TV shows, if you have an extra tablet or two to spare. But a child’s attention often won’t last for a whole program. Other suggestions from “Parenting” magazine include providing kids with crayons and coloring books — just make sure the crayons are the kind that won’t easily roll away — and making crafts with easy-to-carry items such as sticky notes or even o-shaped cereal. A child can thread the ring-shaped cereal along a string to make a necklace that can be worn, then eaten. Keeping a child’s mind occupied with creative activities helps keep boredom at bay.

In-Flight Entertainment the Old-Fashioned Way

  • You can use electronic devices to play video games or even — heaven forbid! — do work. But hard as it may be to believe, it remains possible to pass flight time in relatively pleasant fashion without futuristic gadgets. The simple act of sleeping not only causes a flight to feel shorter, but you arrive rested and ready. Bring your own neck pillow, or regular pillow and doze off in your seat, advises Infinite Leg Room in its article entitled “10 Best Ways To Sleep On a Plane.” If economy class seats are too uncomfortable to allow decent sleep, here’s an idea: talk to the person seated next to you. Conversation not only passes the time quickly, but you might make a friend or valuable business contact that lasts long after your flight reaches its gate.

About Entertainment in the 1700s

http://www.thearma.org/Youth/RapierQandA/G742625.jpgDuring the 18th century, Europe and Colonial America experienced a growth in population along with a rise in wages, consumer goods and most importantly, leisure time. With more time to enjoy various activities, people were all too ready to welcome the cultural growth in literature, theater, music, art, sports and games that occurred in the 1700s.

Theater and Music

  • In the 1700s, upper classes enjoyed music and theatrical performances by visiting the opera, theater or concert hall. Baroque artists like Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel presented music in dramatic forms featuring the organ and string instruments. Bach composed grand oratorios and Handel wrote a number of operas. In the later part of the 1700s, Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart were prolific composers of symphonies and operas that focused on technical perfection and simpler, pure melodies. People around the world enjoyed the drama and music presented in Mozart’s operas, “The Marriage of Figaro”– originally a play by Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais — and “The Magic Flute,” among others. Besides operas, colonial audiences could also enjoy performances of Shakespeare’s plays, John Gay’s “The Beggar’s Opera” and Joseph Addison’s “Cato,” among a variety of low comedies and romances. Theaters opened in New York, Williamsburg, Virginia, and Charleston, South Carolina, and traveling companies of actors brought plays to other cities and towns.

Coffehouses and Reading

  • In Europe and Colonial America, the coffeehouse became an important intellectual hub for urban writers, artists and activists. Coffeehouses were a great venue for leisurely entertainment, where people congregated to read newsletters, learn news and share ideas. The printing press spread Ideas quickly through the publication of newspapers and books. The popularity of newspapers and chapbooks grew as literacy increased and more people were able to consume and share them for entertainment. The encyclopedia was also developed during this time through the efforts of Denis Diderot and many writers. Novels as a literary form became popular. Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe” became known as the first English novel, and Henry Fielding’s “Tom Jones” and Samuel Richardson’s “Pamela” were popular in both England and America. Famous satires, such as Voltaire’s “Candide” and Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels,” were published during this period. Women readers also sought romance novels — such as Fanny Burney’s “Eveline” and Madame de Tencin’s “The Siege of Calais” — which gave voice to feminine concerns.

Games and Children’s Play

  • Children were exposed to a variety of new manufactured games and toys from merchants, as part of the growing trend for manufactured goods. Although many toys were handmade, manufactured marbles, toy fiddles, puzzles, tops, balls and dolls with glass eyes increasingly became popular for purchase. Board games called “The Royall” and “Most Pleasant Game of the Goose” were simple yet enjoyable popular games for kids. Adults also enjoyed and purchased board games. Adults enjoyed billiards, backgammon and other dice games alongside various card games. The card game whist, which was popular among adults, later evolved into the modern game known as bridge.

Sports for Entertainment

  • People in the 18th century played a diverse array of sports, depending on their social class. For elites, the sport of choice was horse racing, which blended gambling and sport. Aristocrats would bet on the racing horses, while paying careful attention to pedigree and past win-to-loss ratios. Boxing grew as a popular sport in the cities of England, and men from all social classes participated in learning the sport and fighting each other for prize money. The fighting clubs of England later attracted even American boxers to the British scene.

The Average Salary of a Radio DJ in New York

http://img-aws.ehowcdn.com/615x200/ds-photo/getty/article/217/219/135551532_XS.jpgRadio DJs do much more than spin records and take listener requests. Today’s DJs mix music and other entertainment with news, weather and traffic. Many act as hosts for radio talk shows, where they interview guests and talk about the latest happenings in their lives, or what’s going on within the listening area. Radio DJs in New York not only get to share their love of music with their fans, but also enjoy some of the highest salaries in the country for this profession.

DJ Wages in NYC

  • Radio and Television announcers in the New York City metro area earn an average wage of $36.15 per hour, or $75,180 per year, as of May 2010, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This represents the fourth best-paying city in the country for radio DJs, after Oakland, San Francisco and West Palm Beach.

DJ Salaries in New York State

  • The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reveals that radio and television announcers in New York state earn an average salary of $28.64 per hour, or $59,560 annually, as of May 2010. DJs within New York earn the third highest average wages in the U.S. after those in Washington, D.C. and Massachusetts.

News Anchor Salaries in New York

  • Many modern DJs fill multiple roles within the station and spend as much time sharing news and other information as they do playing music. A 2007 salary survey by the Radio Television News Directors Association reveals that radio reporters in major metropolitan markets like New York City earn a median salary of $49,300 per year. Radio news anchors in New York City earn $50,300 per year on average.

    According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistic, radio broadcast news analysts in New York State earn an average wage of $81,350 annually, as of May 2010.

National Radio DJ Salaries

  • Broadcasters throughout the U.S. earned an average of $19.19 per hour, or $38,610 annually, as of May 2010, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The median wage for all broadcasters was $12.91 hourly, or $26,850 per year. Broadcasters who work in radio or TV earned an average of $18.56 per hour, or $38,610 annually.

    Radio and TV broadcast news analysts earned $36.40 per hour, or $75,720 per year, as of May 2010.

About Entertainment in Pennsylvania During Colonial Times

In colonial Pennsylvania, people lived very differently than most of us do today. Still, cultures all have their own forms of entertainment, and people in colonial Pennsylvania engaged in various forms of amusement. Some of these activities have survived until contemporary times, while others are now rare. Still others were forbidden at times, because of strict ideas about what activities were acceptable. Regardless, even many of these forbidden activities became more and more popular and remain part of American culture today.

History

  • The colonial period lasted from 1681 to 1776 in Pennsylvania. Many of Pennsylvania’s settlers were Quakers, and there were also many Dutch settlers as well as people of other nationalities. During this time, many people’s strict religious beliefs kept them from participating in certain pastimes such as gambling, horse racing, singing, dancing, and play-acting. However, colonists still participated in many other forms of entertainment.

Types

  • In colonial Pennsylvania, children’s games and toys were simple and taught them useful skills, as history teacher Kristin Carolla says. Some of these games are still popular today, like leap frog, marbles, and hopscotch. Others survived until recent times, like blind man’s bluff and pick up sticks. Blind man’s bluff is much like Marco Polo. It is a game of tag in which the person who is “It” can’t see the other players. Puzzles, tops, Jacob’s ladders, and dolls made from rags and cornhusks were common toys, says Carolla, and girls would often make their own dolls to practice sewing. Jacob’s ladder is a simple toy made from wood and ribbons. It is made from six wooden blocks that are strung together. When one block is pushed, that causes the entire chain of blocks to move.

Types

  • Other common games that were played by people of all ages included fox and geese, checkers, and hull, gull, how many, according to the book “Home Life in Colonial Days.” People often used kernels of corn as counting pieces, says this book. In fox and geese, a board game, one player (the fox) tries to “eat” the other players (the geese), who try to trap the fox. In hull, gull, how many, players would try to guess how many of something (like kernels of corn) another player holds in her hands. Of course, children enjoyed spending time exploring and playing outdoors too. Boys generally had more freedom to do this than girls. They were encouraged to hunt, fish, and explore. Girls typically spent more time in the home, because they were learning to embody the traditional role of wife and mother.

Types

  • Books such as Robinson Crusoe, Pilgrim’s Progress, and Gulliver’s Travels were popular among both children and adults, says Alice Morse Earle in “Child Life in Colonial Days.” Books written for children, she says, were hard to come by in the early days of the colonies. Jest books were popular among children and adults, however. These books were filled with amusing stories and riddles, Morse Earle says. Riddles, she adds, were a popular pastime for children. In 1744, she states, the book publisher John Newberry began bringing children’s literature to the colonies, which then gained popularity. Young people also enjoyed interpreting their dreams, says Morse Earle, especially when children’s literature was scarce.

Types

  • Taverns were becoming more and more popular, say the authors of “Home Life in Colonial Days.” The authors add that tavern owners had to follow strict rules, though. Often, games, singing, and dancing were forbidden. These activities were often seen as a waste of time, or as encouraging unruly behavior.

Types

  • As the website www.theatrehistory.com says, many colonists frowned upon theatre because they felt it was a waste of time at best. However, performances still happened from time to time. In 1759, the website says, a new law forbade theatrical performances, but it’s likely that play-acting still happened secretively from time to time.

Types

  • Children in colonial Pennsylvania celebrated Halloween much like kids do today. They would dress up in scary costumes and collect treats–but unlike most children today, their reason for dressing up was to scare away evil spirits, as the website “Colonial Kids: A Celebration of Life in the 1700s” says. First Skating Day was another important day in the world of a colonial child, says the website. This was the first winter day when children did not have to go to school, and could spend the day playing outside. Kids would also celebrate April Fool’s Day, and Dutch families would decorate eggs on Easter.
    Additionally, says Morse Earle, some colonists enjoyed painting on glass as a leisure pursuit.

3 Things You Need to Know Today: March 3, 2014

Looking for a good debate to get your blood flowing before you sink into your sad office cubicle? Throw out one of these topics and see if you can get any bites

Slave Wins Best Picture; Ellen Selfie Gets Most Retweets Ever
The Oscar winners are in! The favorites definitely swept the night, with Cate Blanchett winning Best Actress, Matthew McConaughey picking up Best Actor, and 12 Years a Slave chosen as Best Picture. None of which was surprising–but that doesn’t mean the show was without its moments, including Liza Minelli’s silk number (what WAS that?) and Ellen Degeneres snapping this photo during the broadcast, which literally took Twitter down with the most retweets ever.
Will and Jaden Smith Both Get Razzies
On the flip side of entertainment news, did anyone see After Earth? Be thankful. Father-and-son acting duo Will and Jaden Smith managed to take home three Golden Raspberry awards for their roles in the film, as Worst Actor, Worst Supporting Actor, and Worst Onscreen Combo.
CA Gov. Brown Says Legal Pot Isn’t a Good Idea: “We Need to Stay Alert”
They may have called him “Moonbeam” in the past, but liberal California governor Jerry Brown still draws the line when it comes to potheads. This past Sunday on “Meet the Press,” he expressed concern over the idea of legalizing pot in California, saying he wants to see how things shake out in states like Colorado before supporting it himself. “How many people can get stoned and still have a great state or a great nation?” he asked. “I think we need to stay alert, if not 24 hours a day, more than some of the potheads might be able to put together.” Photo: Rawstory.com

How to Find Out Who Left Dancing with the Stars Tonight

Every Monday night, the Internet searches go out: “Who Left Dancing with the Stars Tonight?” Fans who miss a results show want to know quickly which of their favorite celebrities was axed from the popular dance competition. If you’re dying to know which way-less-than-A-list-celeb is on his way home, skip the search engine and get right to the facts!

Instructions

  1. Go to the ABC network’s website (see Resources, below, for a link). There, you can actually watch the whole episode to find out what happened. If you want the news more quickly, scroll down to the bottom of the page to see whose bio is not lit up anymore. The ABC website is quick and efficient.
  2. Find a recap on the website of your favorite newspaper or celebrity website. “Dancing With the Stars” is very popular and the show’s results are quickly posted in the entertainment sections of websites such as USA Today, Entertainment Tonight and your local television news station.
  3. If you don’t want to watch the episode, go on the official website or look through a recap, your final option is to wait until the next episode. Or, of course, call an addicted friend.

How to Start a News Channel

http://thumbnail.newsinc.com/26575858.sf.jpgProvided you have the capital and media industry connections, you can start your own commercial news channel and broadcast to thousands. However, if you’re just starting out and are on a limited budget, finding other ways to get started in the news broadcast business isn’t that difficult, especially with Internet access and public access channels. Start a news channel and gain the experience and reputation needed to succeed in media.

Instructions

  1. Explore media avenues. Realize that the Internet and blogs dominate news delivery today. Choose your format and think about bringing news to the public via more than one format. Know that cable public access television channels are usually free for participants as long as the required training is completed successfully. Start a news channel at your university, college or high school as another option. Exploit public radio, television and Internet for news coverage, reporting and broadcasting.
  2. Sign up for your own channel with such websites as “channelme.tv” or discover other Internet television (ITV) sites, such as “Operator11” and “ManiaTV,” which offer live television services and live ITV set up. Subscribe to create a television network. Realize that some ITV sites offer user “channels” and other ITV sites offer user “networks.” Follow site directions for setting up your live ITV channel or network once becoming a subscriber.
  3. Develop your own news website, such as an authority site or expert blog to draw in a crowd of news junkies. Write about world events, politics and other news while you direct visitors to your news channel. Start a news channel related to your web site.
  4. Check out your local public access television station. Take the required training to create your own show and start a news channel. Produce your own news show for free until you gain the necessary viewership and experience to grow a commercial news channel. Volunteer at local public radio stations and start a news channel. Take advantage of the free airtime and existing listener base.
  5. Ask appropriate school officials about starting a news channel at local schools, colleges and universities. Keep in mind that you don’t always have to be a student to get a news program started, but it helps. Recruit student volunteers to run the news station.

How to Become a TV Show Host

http://collegemouse.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/how-to-become-a-tv-show-host-salary.jpgIt’s somewhere between a journalist and a celebrity. Television show hosts are the face in the family living room of everyone’s favorite news, science, health, sports and entertainment shows. If you have an ever-curious intellect, a friendly personality and an ability to talk to just about anyone, this high-profile job might be the one for you. Getting there takes some skills, hard work and sheer luck.

Degrees of Success

  • As with most jobs, a degree is the ticket you need for employers to take you seriously. While there are no degrees in television hosting, some degrees will be more helpful than others. Top choices include degrees in communications and journalism, while other helpful ones can be drama, media or social sciences. Make sure you have some coursework in public speaking. Depending on the type of host you want to be, you may need specialized knowledge such as history, political science or natural science.

Hard and Soft Skills

  • TV show hosts need a combination of soft skills and technical skills. Soft skills include self-confidence, a clear voice, interpersonal skills, improvisation skills, the ability to work calmly under stress, the ability to think and speak quickly. You adapt to new information as soon as it presents itself. You are prepared for surprises and can continue to talk even while processing. Your curious mind is supported by verbal mastery of such skills as listening, leading conversations and being able to ask incisive questions. You also need to have teaching skills, as you will be teaching your audience while leading guests through their topic of expertise. Technical skills include a basic knowledge of television terminology and operating procedures, the ability to keep presenting while hearing instructions through an ear piece, working with a teleprompter and the ability to operate sound and video equipment.

Genuinely You

  • Part of what you need can’t be learned in school or on the job: You have to be you and you have to have a great personality. “To be a good host, you need to be very comfortable in your own skin,” said television host Suzanne Sena, quoted in a Backstage.com article. “It’s vital that you feel confident and comfortable, so that you can then make your audience or on-camera guests feel comfortable as well. They will feed off your energy — or die by it.” She recommends having a natural curiosity and a genuine interest in talking to people. You need to express your personality through your language skills, such as pronunciation and enunciation, and through the way you move. Use your whole body to communicate.

No Substitute for Experience

  • Television hosting is a competitive field and you’re not going to get in without some experience. Start by building a network of contacts through media and broadcast associations. Offer to host as a volunteer for non-profit organizations that are having television broadcasts for fundraisers or other events. Volunteer for community cable or educational shows to gain experience. Many local access stations will accept non-profit shows that you could host. Apply for internships at television stations, especially local ones. Make a newsreel of yourself that is two to three minutes long and shows your hosting skills and personality. Send this newsreel on CD, DVD or via email to broadcasters, producers and agents. Another option is to work your way up by getting another job at a television studio and letting your boss know what your career goals are.

How to Market a New Idea on The Today Show

https://today.duke.edu/sites/default/files/stories/market_H_0.jpg?1365592965Want a million dollars of publicity for your great new book, product or idea without spending a million dollars? If you can get your idea on theToday show, you’ll reach an audience of almost 6 million viewers and instantly obtain priceless national exposure.

Steps to Success

  1. Determine the news angle for your product, book or idea. Today Show producers are interested in highlighting stories that are important to the public and timely in nature. “Hook” your idea to something of intense current interest. A newly published book on Barrack Obama was timely when he was a new figure bursting forth on the political scene. Your talking reindeer toy might work perfectly for a Christmas gift round-up.
  2. Be ready to go. Is your idea not only timely, but unique, something you can demonstrate or talk about, and actually available to the public? Don’t waste time getting people excited about your reverse snowboard if it hasn’t been manufactured and isn’t in any stores.
  3. Practice your pitch by getting tv exposure in local media markets. Develop a media list of newspaper, magazine and TV contacts by consulting a media directory at the local library. Send out, or have your PR professional contact, the various editors and producers with a news release about your product that gives a quick overview of your idea, along with photos and other details. List yourself at HARO (“Help a Reporter Out”) as a media expert or source.
  4. Hire a Public Relations expert. Having an agent who knows the ins and outs of dealing with the media will greatly increase the possibity of landing a spot on a national show with the scope of Today. Look for an agent or a firm that has already successfully placed clients on the Today Show or other major news shows. The Council of Public Relatiions Firms can provide guidance and references.
  5. Work with your PR professional to polish your pitch and create a winning press kit consisting of the news articles and TV spots you’ve already garnered. Listen to your agent’s advice and allow him to do his job. Your PR firm will submit your idea, book or product along with your press kit and apply appropriate persuasion to their Today Show contact.

How to See the Today Show on NBC Live

http://www.lagunabeachbikini.com/amazing-travel-photos/2007/NYC-Aug2007/bin/images/large/CRW_1723.jpgSince its debut in January 1952, NBC’s The Today Show has become a morning news and entertainment staple for millions of American households. This four-hour show is known for a variety of breaking news, in-depth coverage of big news stories and fluffy entertainment pieces. “Today” moved to a new studio in 1994, affording its viewers an opportunity to see the show taped live through large plate-glass windows, as well as holding concerts and other events just outside the studio for the general public. While most people can’t be in the actual studio during taping, you can see live performances almost every week presented by the familiar stars of the show.
Step 1:Search the Today Show website to find concert performers you want to see, if music is your aim in visiting the Today Show. Schedule your trip accordingly.

Step 2:Make a large, bright poster if the show is scheduled to take a trip outside. Use an entire poster board and dark markers to create a clever, distinctive message. You are more likely to be noticed by the camera and producers if your sign stands out.

Step 3:Get up early for your trip to the Today Show. The audience often begins to gather two to three hours before the show begins, depending on expected guests. Concert days and special events like Halloween are especially busy, so take that into account in your timing.

Step 4:Go to 49th Street and Rockefeller Plaza to view the show. Get close to the large glass window if you want to view the indoor show being filmed, or find a spot on the rope line if you prefer to wait for the outdoor entertainment, if there is any that day.

How to Make Your Home Page MSNBC

http://i.huffpost.com/gen/816795/images/o-MSNBC-WEBSITE-facebook.jpgCustomizing your computer allows you the freedom to put the things that you use most often at your fingertips. You can even customize your Internet browsing experience by setting your home page to a site that you use frequently. MSNBC, the Microsoft and National Broadcasting Company, provides news stories and entertainment, as well as online content related to their television broadcasts. If you want to easily access the site every time you browse the Internet, you can set it as your home page.

Internet Explorer

  1. Launch Internet Explorer from your toolbar, desktop, or Start menu. Your browser may open with one or more tabs depending on the preferences you have set.
  2. Surf to MSNBC by typing msnbc.com in the address bar.
  3. Click the arrow next to the home button in the upper right toolbar on your browser. The home icon looks like a house. Scroll down the list until you highlight the “Add or Change Homepage” line and click it. A new window opens with three options. Choose the first option “Use this webpage as your only home page” and click the “Yes” button.
  4. Close the current browser that you have open. Open a new browser window to confirm that the settings have taken effect and you are getting the most up to date news from MSNBC.

Firefox

  1. Open Firefox from the desktop icon or your Start menu. Firefox opens to the page that is currently set as your home page.
  2. Navigate to the MSNBC website by typing the Web address into the address box at the top of the browser.
  3. Click in the address bar to completely highlight the Web address for MSNBC. Press Control and “C” simultaneously to copy the address.
  4. Select “Tools” from the toolbar menu and select “Options.” In the “Options” dialog box, find the “Home Page” options under the “General” section. Click in the text area and press Control and “V” to paste the MSNBC Web page address. You can also click the “Use current page” button. Click the “OK” button to save and exit the “Options” dialog box.
  5. Close any remaining Firefox windows and open a new one for the changes to take effect.

How to Shoot a Television News Story

http://commons.bcit.ca/update/files/2014/11/IMG_8632.jpgTelevision news pieces might look spontaneous, but they follow a formula. Whenever you shoot a story, keep the editing process in mind. As a cameraman you’re part of a team that includes the editor, reporter, and anchor.

Instructions

  1. The actuality is the portion of the story that shows what is happening. If you’re covering an event like a fire, you’ll need to show it with a variety of camera angles, long shots to establish the context, medium close ups to show people, and close ups for details. It’s okay to rehearse a move before committing it to tape. You’ll save time in editing that way. You want to give an editor maximum flexibility. Construct your shots so that they can be used three ways. Begin by holding on your opening for 5-10 seconds. Make your move such as a pan, tilt or zoom smoothly. Finish on your closing shot for the same 5-10 seconds. That way your editor can choose the beginning, end. or the transitions with a bit of both.
  2. Make sure that you shoot plenty of detail in cutaways. If you see anything that is remotely interesting, shoot it in close up Don’t be afraid to linger on a shot so that the voice over that will ultimately accompany your story has plenty of time.
  3. Even though you are shooting and not writing, keep in mind the universal questions that each journalist will ask: Who, What, Why, When, Where and How. Answer these questions visually and you’ll make life easier for your news writer or reporter.
  4. It’s a good idea to use auto iris to get a starting point for exposure, but then adjust your f stop accordingly. If you leave your camera on auto iris, you could have some unintended anomalies in your video. Last week, I was shooting a gang summit in Los Angeles in a warm school gymnasium. I wanted to use auto iris because the light varied throughout the room and I had to move the camera on one very long shot, however a couple of the participants picked up some white hand fans supplied by the sponsors. Every time one of them picked up one to cool herself, the image would darken.
  5. Frequently as a cameraman you’ll be called upon to do the interviews. Whenever possible, put the camera on a tripod. Tell your subject to stand still, focus, and lock the camera down. Stand right next to your camera and ask your questions. Make sure that your interview subject looks at you and not the camera. Get into the habit of always asking your interview subject to identify themselves, give their affiliation and spell their names.
  6. In contrast to the interview, reporters will deliver their information directly to the camera. I like to frame stand ups so that we have a clear sense as to the environment in which the story occurs, framing a reporter waist up in a medium shot. Pay special attention to the lighting on the reporter. If you make him or her look good, you’ll be asked back to repeat your work. Most news crews don’t carry one, but I find that a flex fill reflector is worth carrying for stand ups in bright sun. If positioned right it can fill in the shadows and show a reporter to his best.

How to Submit a Press Release to the AP News

http://www.submitmypressrelease.com/images/unlimited-press-release1.pngIf you have a significant news item you want to share through a press release, you can consider submitting the press release through one of several wires online. However, these services generally charge a fee. If you only want the press release to go to the Associated Press (AP), you can simply submit the press release to AP directly.

Instructions

  1. Determine if your press release needs to go to a specific department. Other than the main department, the Associated Press has four additional sub-departments. They include sports, arts and entertainment, business news, lifestyle and news features.
  2. Email your press release in the body of an email to info@ap.org. If the release falls into one of the sub-departments, include the department in the subject line or in the body of the email.
  3. Mail your press release, if you’d prefer, to the AP’s headquarters. The address is:

    Associated Press

    450 W. 33rd St.

    New York, New York

    10001

  4. Mail your press release to a local AP affiliate, if the press release is of regional or local, rather than national, significance. Visit the Associated Press resource link and select your state from the link to view the address.

How to Write an Audio-Video Script

http://www.eltteacher2writer.co.uk/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/covers/AudioScripts.jpg?itok=0nb0CjFmAlthough writing audio-visual scripts is a creative undertaking, some technical aspects must be considered. Just like business letters, college reports and essays, guidelines and rules govern the writing process.
Free-form documents look amateurish and can be difficult for audio-visual professionals to understand. Professional writers follow simple layout guidelines to get their ideas across to readers efficiently. Here are the basic scriptwriting formats that screenwriters and news producers use for entertainment productions and news programming

Movies and Television Shows

  1. Identify the backdrop of the scene. Begin by telling the reader if the action happens indoors or outside by using the abbreviations “INT.” for interior or “EXT.” for exterior. Follow this up with a succinct description of the location followed by a dash and a time reference. This section should be bold face and written in all capitals. For example: INT. RESTAURANT — NIGHT.
  2. Insert dialogue. To signal that a character is talking, center-align his or her name and write the dialogue left-aligned below. Write character names with capital letters but write dialogue text normally.
  3. Describe action happening in the scene. Signal when characters enter or exit the scene and describe any important action with detailed passages. Italicize and left-align these descriptions.

Television News

  1. Write the slug, or name of your story, at the top of the page.
  2. Format the rest of the page so you have two columns. The left side is primarily for the technical staff. The right side of the page is primarily for the on-air talent.
  3. Write the name of the person you want to read the story on the top of both columns. Use capital letters.
  4. Next make note of the video format you want to use in both columns using capital letters. Use “ON CAM” if you want your talent on screen and nothing else. “VO” means video only. Use this when you have video footage that you want your anchor to talk over. “SOT” stands for sound on tape or sound bites. “PKG” stands for package, a complete stand-alone video story with its own voice-over track and cuts of video. Make sure these video format commands line up on both sides of the page.
  5. On the left column write down any additional information about the video that would be useful for the staff. You may want to include tape numbers and the title of the video you’re using. For packages, include the “TRT” or total running time and an out cue, the final words of voice track.
  6. Write the script on the right column. Use capital letters for anything your talent is going to read on-air. Use lower and uppercase lettering for scripts that are recorded and will be played back–packages and SOTs for example.
  7. Write down any CGs or computer graphics you want on the left. Common CGs include names and locations.

How to Write a TV News Package Script

http://img-aws.ehowcdn.com/615x200/ds-photo/getty/article/94/36/480297543_XS.jpgAll journalists know how to create a news story by answering the age-old questions of who, what, where, when, why and how. But doing so for a television news program isn’t the same as writing a news piece for a newspaper or a magazine; it’s a horse of a different color. As a self-contained news story, the news package contains video footage, interviews, sound bites, voice-over narration and sometimes a stand-up, which can occur at the beginning, middle or end of the story. Employ words in the narration that evoke images and sound good, especially for the introduction.

Find the Story

  • Before you begin the process of creating the news package script, complete the legwork in the field. Research the facts, interview key witnesses or people involved in the news event with your cameraman in tow. Find the common thread in the story to help track down people from whom you can get sound bites — called sounds on tape or SOTs in the industry. Remember that a televised news story has a limited amount of time, so stick to stories that your community will find interesting or important.

Compelling Stand-Ups

  • Look for good locations to complete your stand ups; as the reporter who advances the story in the field, choose a location that depicts the activity or the event in the background. Avoid repetition in the material collected from the field and keep the reporting neutral. Stick to a narrative style, ensuring that every word conveys important information. Work with the camera person to get compelling video footage — the B-roll — for the news voice overs. Also, find captivating NSOTs, natural sounds on tape, such as the sound of pounding ocean waves or rushing river during a massive storm or the chugging of a train as long as it ties into the news story.

Back in the Studio

  • Use the television studio’s script software system, template or create two columns on your page, the left for video and the right for audio. The left identifies the intro, shot or interviewee, slugs, SOT, NSOTs or voice over, while the right side contains the words for the audio portion. Each studio may have its own format and protocols for the actual script. Write the introduction for the news anchor, keeping it concise and brief. For statistical information, create any graphics the anchor can use. Review the stand-ups, the SOTs and the NSOTs, ideally you have more than just one or two, to choose the best ones to include in your package script. Ensure that the video content on the left includes the written words for the audio on the right. Use NSOTs to create natural breaks in the content.

Record the Audio

  • If you have more audio that you must record from the right side of your script, do so in the studio’s audio booth. Identify each audio track individually on the script by the protocol required for the television studio. If you must complete more than one take, ensure the audio portion of the script contains this information. Once this is completed, hand the news package script into the editor for final review. Don’t forget to include any release or waiver forms you obtained in the field from those you interviewed.